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Close up of a ripe red chilli.
Whether you prefer mild or spicy, chillies can add flavour to any dish and they are so easy to grow!

Appearance

Chillies are a part of the Solanaceae family which also includes tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes and capsicums. They grow into a small perennial shrub which produces fruit from December to April, depending on the variety. The best time to plant your chilli seedlings is in warm weather such as spring or summer.

Why do chillies make you feel so good?

Capsaicin tricks our brains into feeling a burning sensation and this is what makes chillies so spicy. This burning sensation triggers the brain to release endorphins and dopamine in an attempt to relieve it. Endorphins and dopamine create a euphoric feeling as they are linked with the brain's pleasure and reward systems. This rush of euphoria is why chillies make you feel so good and why they have been popular in cuisines all around the world for many years.

Green jalapenos growing on a plant.

How to grow chillies

Transplanting and soil:

Chillies prefer rich and well-draining soil with organic matter such as compost added. To transplant your chilli seedling, tip the plant upside-down with your hand holding the plant and the soil. Gently squeeze the sides of the pot to remove the plant and shake off excess soil. Carefully place the chilli seedlings into the prepared hole and cover over with soil up to the same point that was covered in its original pot. Deeply water the chilli and leave in a shady spot for a few days while it recovers. You can then gradually introduce it to sunnier positions.

Chilli growing conditions:

Chillies prefer a warm and sunny position and can even thrive in full sun. They will not produce many fruits in shady positions and will not tolerate frosts.

Watering:

Chillies enjoy deep watering and then being allowed to dry before watering again. However, you will need to keep the soil moist while your seedling is transplanting. They don't like sitting in water, so if growing in pots, be sure to empty the saucer of any water after watering.

Fertilising:

Chillies in most soils will benefit from a weekly feeding with your preferred fertiliser

Companion plants:

Chillies get along well with carrots, leeks, onions, tomatoes, capsicums and ornamental flowering plants. Chillies and other members of the Solanaceae family should be rotated (planted in a different place) every season for three years to avoid the build-up of soil-borne diseases. If planting in pots, changing the soil can avoid this issue. View our range of other plant seeds here.

 

Harvesting chillies

Harvest your chillies once they are fully ripe. They may be yellow, orange, red, purple or another colour depending on the variety. Harvest by cutting above the fruit, leaving a small section of stem attached to the chilli.

Uses for chillies

Chillies can be used directly in your dish of choice, be preserved in a chutney or jam, created into a hot chilli sauce, stuffed and much more! Get creative with your harvest so you can enjoy it all year round.

How to dry and store chillies

Chillies are very generous plants, but this isn't a problem because they are one of the easiest to store! Chillies can be air-dried and last for months. Using a long piece of twine, simply tie a knot around the harvested chilli stems and hang up to dry in a well-ventilated area out of direct sunlight. You can string many together creating a decorative and useful piece in your kitchen. Alternatively, chillies can also be stored in preserves or chopped up and frozen.

Dried red birds eye chillies.

Start planting today

Check out our huge range of plants now and get your garden growing!

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More D.I.Y. Advice

Health & Safety

Asbestos, lead-based paints and copper chromium arsenic (CCA) treated timber are health hazards you need to look out for when renovating older homes. These substances can easily be disturbed when renovating and exposure to them can cause a range of life-threatening diseases and conditions including cancer. For information on the dangers of asbestos, lead-based paint and CCA treated timber and tips for dealing with these materials contact your local council's Environmental Health Officer or visit our Health & Safety page.

When following our advice in our D.I.Y. videos, make sure you use all equipment, including PPE, safely by following the manufacturer’s instructions. Check that the equipment is suitable for the task and that PPE fits properly. If you are unsure, hire an expert to do the job or talk to a Bunnings Team Member.