How to grow vegetables

carlo pamcone
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How to grow vegetables

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Project Overview

Growing your own vegetables is not only easy but it will also save you money. This step-by-step guide will show you how to prepare your soil, the importance of adding fertiliser, and how mulching helps your vegetables grow better. We’ll also give you a few tips on how to grow some of the more common vegetables like spinach, onions and peas. And remember, before you choose them, it’s important to consider whether your vegetables are suited to the season that you’re planting them in.

Continue to step-by-step instructions

Step by Step Instructions

1 Prepare the soil
2 Planting spinach
3 Planting peas
4 Planting onions
5 Fertilise your vegetable plants
6 Apply mulch
7 Water the vegetables
  • Step 1. Prepare the soil

    Before you plant any vegetables, prepare your garden beds by digging the soil and adding organic compost at least 1-2 weeks before you start planting. Most vegetables only need 15-20 centimetres of good soil for their roots to grow. If you’re planning to grow crops with deeper roots, like potatoes or carrots, dig and compost deeper – up to 30 centimetres. Water in the compost and let it break down before you plant your vegetables. To get the most out of your vegetable garden, choose vegetables that you will use and plant them at the right time of year.

  • Step 2. Planting spinach

    Spinach is a good source of Vitamin A and one of the healthiest sources of minerals and nutrients that you can grow. Gently remove the spinach plants from their container and separate each plant. Use the gardening trowel to dig a hole deep enough, so that the leaves are sitting just above the soil and cover the roots. Plant the rest of the spinach in a row, about 30 centimetres apart.
  • Step 3. Planting peas

    Peas are easy to grow and also help to improve the soil you’re growing them in. Take each pea plant out of its container. Dig a hole deep enough for the peas, so the leaves are sitting just above the soil. Put the peas in the hole, and then fill it in. When planting your peas, remember that they will need some kind of support as they grow, so take that into account when working out the distance between them. Ideally they should be about 30 centimetres apart. 

  • Step 4. Planting onions

    Onions are a popular vegetable because they are easy to grow and don’t take up a lot of space in your garden. After taking the onion seedlings out of their container, separate each plant by gently washing them in a bucket of water to get rid of the soil. Separate each plant and dig a shallow trench. Plant each onion plant in the trench and cover the roots with soil.

  • Step 5. Fertilise your vegetable plants

    Vegetables need regular fertilising when they’re growing. To give yours a good head start, and to help with the shock of being transplanted, dilute a seaweed concentrate, approximately two capfuls in 10 litres of water in a watering can. Soak your vegetables in this mixture. 

  • Step 6. Apply mulch

    Mulch helps your plants grow in a number of ways. As it breaks down it will provide nitrogen to the soil and your plants, keep the roots cool in summer and stop weeds from growing in your vegetable garden. Apply the mulch around your vegetable plants but not touching them.  If the mulch gets wet it can rot the plant. 

  • Step 7. Water the vegetables

    To give your vegetable garden a good start, water the plants at least every day for the first few days. Then reduce the amount of water you give them, which will encourage the plant’s roots to grow deeper as they look for water. This will also help the plant to grow, establish itself and produce home grown food for your kitchen table.

Tools and Materials

Tools

  • Bucket
  • Dust mask
  • Gardening trowel
  • Gloves
  • Watering can

Materials

  • Seeds
  • Seaweed extract
  • Sugar cane mulch
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