How to install joists for a deck

WARREN
View the video

Project Overview

An outdoor decking is the perfect place for entertaining, so it’s important that you install it safely and securely. After you’ve installed bearers and stumps for a decking, you need to attach joists. These will form the strong foundation for your deck. We’ll show you how to do it in a few easy steps.

Continue to step-by-step instructions
This D.I.Y. Advice is part of a series How to build a deck

Step by Step Instructions

1 Measure and mark the wall-plate
2 Cut a check-out in the wall-plate
3 Attach the wall-plate
4 Fix the first joist
5 Run a string line along the joist
6 Measure and mark for the second joist
7 Secure the second joist
8 Secure the other joists
9 Fit timber between the joists
  • Step 1. Measure and mark the wall-plate

    On the timber you are using as your wall-plate, measure and mark out the length of a bearer. Then use the circular saw to cut the wall-plate to size.

  • Step 2. Cut a check-out in the wall-plate

    At one end of the wall-plate, you’ll need to make a check-out so it will sit flush on top of the brickwork. Use the carpenters square to mark out a recess, then use the circular saw, handsaw and chisel to make the cut.

  • Step 3. Attach the wall-plate

    Line up the wall-plate with the lines marked on the wall from your profile piece of timber. Use the nail gun to temporarily attach the wall-plate to the wall. Then use the cordless drill and batten screws to firmly secure the wall-plate to the wall.

  • Step 4. Fix the first joist

    Using the wall as a guide to keep the first joist straight, use the nail gun to secure the first joist at the end of the bearer near the wall. 

  • Step 5. Run a string line along the joist

    Hammer a nail in at the end of the first joist and another to the wall-plate. Run a string line between these two nails. This will make sure the joist is straight when you attach it. Secure the joist into every bearer, on both sides of the joist where possible.  

  • Step 6. Measure and mark for the second joist

    Use the first joist as your guide and measure and mark on the bearer the required distance to where the next joist will go. Mark every bearer so your second joist will be lined up with the first joist. 

  • Step 7. Secure the second joist

    Use the nail gun to secure the second joist on each bearer, on both sides of the joist.

  • Step 8. Secure the other joists

    Now you’re ready to secure all the joists to the bearers. To do this, just repeat Steps 10 and 11 and work your way along the bearers.

  • Step 9. Fit timber between the joists

    When you’ve finished attaching the joists, measure the distance between them. Then cut pieces of timber to this length to fit between every second joist. This will provide your decking with extra support. Use the nail gun to secure the timber between every second joist. Your deck is now ready to be laid.

Tools and Materials

Tools

  • Carpenters square
  • Chisel
  • Circular saw
  • Claw hammer
  • Ear muffs
  • Handsaw
  • Measuring tape
  • Nail gun
  • Pencil
  • Safety glasses

Materials

  • Batten screws
  • String line
  • Timber
low water garden

Planning & Projects How to create a low-water garden ‘Dry’ or ‘low-water’ gardening is a real art and, when done right, will provide you with an inviting landscape that uses very little water.

Finished artificial green garden wall behind garden bench 02:05

Planning & Projects How to create a green wall using artificial hedge Green walls are all the rage at the moment, but buying and maintaining one can be costly. Why not have a go at creating your own using pieces of artificial hedge – it looks great and will last the distance. Here’s how.

reducing water

How To Save Water How to reduce water usage Whether indoor or outdoor, there are lots of ways to be smart about water usage. And there are some simple actions that can make a big difference to your water bill.

doorbell 02:04

Doors How to install a ring doorbell The Ring video doorbell is a wireless doorbell which allows you to see who is at your front door. Find out how to install the Ring video doorbell yourself.

a tree lit up with solar lights around it 01:46

Garden Lighting How to install solar lights in your garden Solar lights are a great way to illuminate your pathways and highlight your garden beds at night. Install them yourself with these easy steps.

how to organise your pantry 02:52

Shelving & Storage How to organise your pantry Create an organisational system in your pantry with these handy storage hints. Trust us – its life changing!

front door 01:31

How To Paint How to paint your front door Make an entrance every darn day of the week by painting your front door a bold, enticing colour!

how to hang pictures

Walls The best way to hang pictures on a wall Learn the tricks to hanging your wall decor so it looks good – and doesn’t damage the plasterboard. Create an effortless-looking display by taking the time to consider spacing, proportion, frame styles and colour palettes.

Health & Safety

Please make sure you use all equipment appropriately and safely when following the advice in these D.I.Y. videos. You need to be familiar with how to use equipment safely and follow the instructions that came with the equipment. If you are unsure, you may feel it is safest to consult an expert, such as the manufacturer or an expert Bunnings Team Member.

Grave health hazards are linked to asbestos, which may be in homes built up to 1990. Health hazards may result from exposure to lead-based paints in older materials and copper chromium arsenic (CCA) treated timber. For information on the dangers of asbestos, lead-based paint and CCA treated timber and tips for dealing with these materials contact your local council's Environmental Health Officer or visit our Health & Safety page. You can also use a simple test kit from Bunnings to indicate the presence of lead-based paint.
Top of the content