Grow Vegetables

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Project Overview

There is nothing more rewarding than watching your vegetables grow from seedlings into edible sized vegetables to enjoy.

Materials

Mulch
Fertiliser (blood and bones, animal manure)
Large pots, planter boxes and troughs
Vegetable seeds or seedlings
Soil pH kit (optional)
Complete fertiliser
Stakes

Tools

Shovel

Step by Step Instructions

1 Choosing your site
2 Prepare the soil
3 Watering
4 Garden pests
  • Step 1. Choosing your site

    When choosing a site for your vegetables it is important to select an area that has high exposure to the sun, at least 6 hours of sunlight per day, and is sheltered from the wind. Steer clear of large trees as their roots will compete with the vegetables for space, nutrients and water. The soil must be well-draining soil, therefore add top soil if the soil is stony, or if it is clay, then you may choose to use raised beds to improve drainage.

  • Step 2. Prepare the soil

    Once you are certain the drainage is suitable, it is time to prepare the soil. Soil preparation for vegetables is similar for herbs in that they prefer a light, well-drained, crumbly soil, but most vegetables will grow satisfactorily in fairly heavy soil provided there is good drainage. Dig the soil to a depth of about 25cm (Fig 1), remove all weeds and break up clods to bring the soil to a moderately fine texture. If the soil lacks humus, place 5-10cm of organic matter, such as straw and compost, on the surface and dig in to spade depth. At the same time, apply animal manure, blood and bone, or a complete fertiliser.

    Seeds or seedlings:

    Vegetables can also be grown separately in pots, which is idea for the apartment lifestyle. All vegetables differ in their planting and harvesting season- here is a rough guide.

    Warm season vegetables (planted October to February, harvested December to May)

    - Tomatoes - Sweet corn
    - Squash - Egg plants
    - Melons - Capsicums
    - Cucumbers - Potatoes
    - Pumpkins - Beans

    Cool season vegetables (planted February to September, harvest May to December)

    - Broccoli - Brussels sprouts
    - Cauliflower - Onions
    - Shallots - Peas
    - Spinach - Turnips
    - Broad beans

    All season vegetables (less affected by season temperatures)

    - Cabbage - Carrots
    - Celery - Leeks
    - Lettuce - Parsnips
    - Radish - Beetroot
    - Silver beet

    Some climbing vegetables, such as beans and tomatoes, require supporting stakes.

    (Seasons are dependant on climatic zones)

  • Step 3. Watering

    Fresh and tender vegetables are the result of deep watering, soil preparation and soluble fertiliser. Lite sprinkles bring roots to the surface so soak your plot and then use compost or mulch to retain the soil moisture.

  • Step 4. Garden pests

    Vegetables always taste better if they are from your own gardenSnails and slugs are the main offenders and they can be controlled with pellets. Some gardeners make their own organic pesticides that taste so terrible that your pests will move on. An example is mixing garlic, chilli and onion.

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